BARNES, P. J., MERCIER and BROWN, JJ.
found David Lewis Adams, Jr. guilty of rape, aggravated child
molestation, incest, aggravated sodomy, child molestation
(four counts), electronically furnishing obscene materials to
a minor, and cruelty to children. Adams appeals the
convictions entered on the verdict, contending that: the
court erred by denying his motion to excuse a juror for
cause; the court erred by allowing evidence to be published
to the jury without the evidence having been properly
admitted; and trial counsel provided ineffective assistance.
For the reasons that follow, we affirm.
in the light most favorable to the verdict, McCord v.
State, 305 Ga. 318 (825 S.E.2d 122) (2019), the evidence
presented at trial included the following. Adams was the
father of two girls, T. M. and A. P., and one son, J. A. The
children had three different mothers. Adams did not have
custody of the children, but they visited him on weekends and
sometimes spent time with him during the week.
February 2016, T. M., who was then about ten years old,
reportedly told a classmate that Adams was having sex with
her. In response to that report, an investigator with the
Forsyth County Department of Family and Children Services
("DFACS") went to T. M.'s home and interviewed
T. M., T. M.'s mother, and T. M.'s half-siblings who
lived with T. M. (eight-year-old half-sister H. H., and
six-year-old half-brother J. M.); H. H. and J. M. were not
interviews, T. M. initially denied that Adams had sex with
her. J. M., who did not typically go to Adams's home, had
no knowledge of any such acts. H. H., however, told the DFACS
investigator that she witnessed sexual conduct between Adams
and T. M., including seeing Adams make T. M. sit on him and
"put his private parts in, her word, butt." H. H.
said that Adams "would make them watch videos of people
doing, in her words, bad things to each other[.]" A few
days after being interviewed, T. M.'s mother informed the
investigator that T. M. told her that "things ended up
happening" between T. M. and Adams.
victim services coordinator from the Lumpkin County
Sheriff's office interviewed T. M., and a videotape of
that interview was shown at trial T. M. also told the
interviewer that Adams made her and A. P. watch a video of
naked people "humping," that there was a vibrating
"egg," and that Adams broke the egg.
investigator with the sheriff's office obtained search
warrants for the houses where Adams resided and where T. M.
said the acts occurred, including a house in which Adams had
a bedroom and others in which "he would crash on the
couch." Searches of Adams's bedroom revealed an
egg-shaped vibrating device with a broken cord, pornographic
DVDs, a pair of child's underpants under his bed, a used
condom, and bodily fluids on his bed sheet. Another used
condom was found in a bathroom where T. M. said some of the
trial, T. M. testified that on multiple occasions Adams made
her perform oral sex on him, have sexual intercourse with
him, and made her use a vibrating egg device on her genitals.
T. M. stated that Adams put a "rubber thing" on his
penis when he committed some of the acts; T. M. did not know
what the rubber object was, but stated that it came in a
small paper wrapper. Adams also made her watch videos of
naked people doing "[t]he same thing that happened to
[her]." The acts took place at Adams's home, in his
bedroom and bathroom, in a bathroom in her aunt's home,
in a car, and in an abandoned house. She stated that H. H.
and A. P. were present during some of the incidents, and that
Adams told H. H. to touch his genitals.
who was nine years old at the time of trial, testified that
she spent the night at Adams's home with T. M., and on
two occasions she saw Adams's "private parts"
and saw Adams and T. M. engaged in various sexual acts. She
also saw Adams and T. M. viewing a video of people
who was 12 years old at trial, testified that she went to
Adams's home on weekends. She testified that Adams
touched her vaginal area and buttocks on more than one
occasion, and he offered to show her what "[she]
didn't want boys to do to [her]." Believing he meant
something sexual, A. P. refused his offer. A. P. acknowledged
at trial that she had previously denied that Adams had
touched her inappropriately, but explained that she was
uncomfortable telling people what he had done.
Adams contends that the trial court erred by denying his
motion to strike a potential juror (Juror No. 7) for cause,
forcing him to "waste a valuable peremptory strike"
to remove her from the panel. He asserts that the juror
admitted during voir dire that she was biased and was not
sure if she could listen to the evidence and be fair, and
that she believed Adams had the burden of proving his
juror to be stricken for cause, it must be established that
the juror holds an opinion on guilt or innocence that is so
fixed that the juror will be unable to set that opinion aside
and decide the case based on the evidence or the trial
court's charge at trial. Menefee v. State, 270
Ga. 540, 542 (2) (512 S.E.2d 275) (1999), disapproved on
other grounds by Willis v. State, 304 Ga. 686, 706,
n.3 (11) (a) (820 S.E.2d 640) (2018); see Clark v.
State, 246 Ga.App. 842 (542 S.E.2d 588) (2000).
On appeal, our inquiry is whether the trial court's
qualification or disqualification of the prospective juror is
supported by the record as a whole. An appellate court must
pay deference to the finding of the trial court; this
deference includes the trial court's resolution of any
equivocations or conflicts in the prospective juror's
responses on voir dire. Whether to strike a juror for cause
is within the discretion ...