Searching over 5,500,000 cases.

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

Bivins v. Carswell

United States District Court, S.D. Georgia, Dublin Division

December 18, 2018

ANTONIO CARSWELL, Warden; LAKIESHA FRANKLIN, Deputy Warden; DEPUTY WARDEN GIVEN; OFFICER JOHN DOE, Unit Manager/Deputy Warden; OFFICER NORRIS; MRS. BRAG, GDC Chief Counsel; MR. WILKERSON, Library Supervisor; and MRS. FRAZIER, GDC ADA Coordinator,[1] Defendants.



         Plaintiff, an inmate at Johnson State Prison in Wrightsville, Georgia, seeks to proceed in forma pauperis (“IFP”) in this action filed pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. (Doc. no. 1.) For the reasons set forth below, the Court REPORTS and RECOMMENDS Plaintiff’s request to proceed IFP be DENIED, (doc. no. 2), Plaintiff’s motion for appointment of counsel be DENIED, (doc. no. 4), and this action be DISMISSED without prejudice.

         I. BACKGROUND

         A prisoner attempting to proceed IFP in a civil action in federal court must comply with the mandates of the Prison Litigation Reform Act (“PLRA”), Pub. L. No. 104-134, §§ 801-810, 110 Stat. 1321 (1996). 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g) of the PLRA provides:

In no event shall a prisoner bring a civil action or appeal a judgment in a civil action or proceeding under this section if the prisoner has, on 3 or more prior occasions, while incarcerated or detained in any facility, brought an action or appeal in a court of the United States that was dismissed on the grounds that it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, unless the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious physical injury.

         “This provision of the PLRA, commonly known as the three strikes provision, requires frequent filer prisoners to prepay the entire filing fee before federal courts may consider their lawsuits and appeals.” Rivera v. Allin, 144 F.3d 719, 723 (11th Cir. 1998) (internal citations omitted), abrogated on other grounds by Jones v. Bock, 549 U.S. 199 (2007). The Eleventh Circuit has upheld the constitutionality of § 1915(g) because it does not violate an inmate’s right to access the courts, the doctrine of separation of powers, an inmate’s right to due process of law, or an inmate’s right to equal protection. Id. at 721-27.


         A. Dismissal Is Warranted Because Plaintiff Has Three Strikes Under § 1915(g)

         A review of Plaintiff’s history of filings reveals he has brought at least three cases that were dismissed as frivolous or for failure to state a claim and count as strikes: (1) Bivins v. Dereisbail, No. 13-14561 (11th Cir. Mar. 13, 2014) (dismissing appeal as frivolous); (2) Bivins v. Woods, 1:12-CV-162-WLS (M.D. Ga. Nov. 5, 2012) (dismissed for failure to state a claim); and (3) Bivins v. Concept, Inc., 7:95-CV-612 (N.D. Ala. June. 8, 1995) (dismissed as frivolous); see also Bivins v. Kellogg, 1:18-CV-0148 (M.D. Ga. Dec. 10, 2018) (finding Plaintiff has three strikes under § 1915(g) but satisfied imminent danger exception). Because Plaintiff has at least three strikes, he cannot proceed IFP unless he can demonstrate he qualifies for the “imminent danger of serious physical injury” exception to § 1915(g). Mitchell v. Nobles, 873 F.3d 869, 873 (11th Cir. 2017).

         B. Plaintiff Does Not Qualify for the Imminent Danger Exception

         “[A] prisoner’s allegation that he faced imminent danger sometime in the past is an insufficient basis to allow him to proceed in forma pauperis pursuant to the imminent danger exception to the statute.” Medberry v. Butler, 185 F.3d 1189, 1193 (11th Cir. 1999). In order to come within the imminent danger exception based on failure to treat a serious medical need, a prisoner must allege a “‘total withdrawal of treatment for [his] serious diseases . . . .’” Mitchell, 873 F.3d at 874 (quoting Brown v. Johnson, 387 F.3d 1344, 1350 (11th Cir. 2004)).

         While Plaintiff makes several claims in his forty-seven-page complaint, only the following are arguably relevant to whether Plaintiff satisfies the imminent danger exception.[2]Plaintiff alleges he was diagnosed on February 4, 2018, as “near blind” and prescribed magnified glasses for near-sightedness and far sightedness. (Doc. no. 1, p. 6.) Plaintiff has reported to medical twice to receive eyeglasses, but, on both occasions, the strength of the prescription has been incorrect. (Id. at 41.) As a result, Plaintiff has been deprived of access to accommodations such as kiosks, recreation, television, telephone use, games, computers, a giant print dictionary, the library, the law library, and a safe living environment. (Id. at 7, 26.) However, Plaintiff states he has been allowed to use the large screen in the law library, but he still cannot read standard print sizes. (Id. at 40.)

         Plaintiff alleges he was stabbed by two inmates and robbed on August 19, 2018, because his lack of eyesight prevented him from being able to protect himself. (Id. at 9-10.) Plaintiff was treated for the attack and had at least one follow-up appointment for his wounds. (Id. at 10, 14-15.) Although a nurse told Plaintiff he should have been taken to the emergency room for his wounds, which are “healing from inside out,” (id. at 14-15), Plaintiff does not complain of any complications from the stab wounds. However, Plaintiff alleges he has high blood pressure, dizziness, eczema, and mental health issues because of the attack. (Id. at 15, 24-25.) While Plaintiff states his requests for a psychiatric consult have been denied, Plaintiff is being treated for his mental health issues with Prozac and has been prescribed medication for his eczema. (Id. at 19, 24-25.)

         After the attack, Plaintiff was placed in a solitary cell, which does not have a night light. (Id. at 11-12.) As a result of the dark conditions in the cell at night, Plaintiff has hit his head on the top runner of the bunk, fallen and hit his chin, and hit his knees on the toilet, causing cuts and bruises. (Id. at 12, 18.) Plaintiff also states his hand was once slammed in a door because of his poor eyesight. (Id. at 7.) In his memorandum of law, Plaintiff states he has found ...

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.