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Walker v. Sprayberry

United States District Court, S.D. Georgia, Statesboro Division

July 11, 2018

CARLTON J WALKER, Petitioner,
v.
KEVIN SPRAYBERRY, Respondent.

          ORDER AND MAGISTRATE JUDGE'S REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION

          R. STAN BAKER, UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE.

         Petitioner Carlton J. Walker (“Walker”), who is currently incarcerated at Hays State Prison in Trion, Georgia, filed a Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. (Doc. 1.) Walker also filed a Motion for Leave to Proceed in Forma Pauperis. (Doc. 7.) For the reasons which follow, the Court DENIES Walker's Motion to Proceed in Forma Pauperis. For these same reasons, I RECOMMEND that the Court DISMISS Walker's Petition, DIRECT the Clerk of Court to enter the appropriate judgment of dismissal and to CLOSE this case, and DENY Walker leave to appeal in forma pauperis and a Certificate of Appealability.

         BACKGROUND

         Walker filed this Section 2254 Petition on October 26, 2017, in the Middle District of Georgia, and that court transferred Walker's Petition to this District on October 31, 2017. (Docs. 1, 3.) In his Petition, Walker challenges his June 20, 2012, conviction in the Superior Court of Emanuel County, Georgia. (Doc. 1, p. 1.) Walker asserts that the facts stated in the transcripts of his case do not support his conviction for armed robbery, that he was charged with three counts of armed robbery when he should have only been charged with two counts, and that he was improperly labeled a recidivist. (Id. at pp. 5-6.)

         DISCUSSION

         Walker brings this action under 28 U.S.C. § 2254. Pursuant to Rule 4 of the Rules governing Section 2254 petitions:

The clerk must promptly forward the petition to a judge . . ., and the judge must promptly examine [the petition]. If it plainly appears from the petition and any attached exhibits that the petitioner is not entitled to relief in the district court, the judge must dismiss the petition and direct the clerk to notify the petitioner.

         While complaints in a civil case must contain only “a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief, ” Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 8(a), petitions for habeas corpus must “specify all the grounds for relief available to the petitioner” and “state the facts supporting each ground, ” Rule 2 of Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases. In other words, habeas petitions must contain “‘fact pleading' as opposed to ‘notice pleading.'” Hittson v. GDCP Warden, 759 F.3d 1210, 1265 (11th Cir. 2014) (citations and internal quotation marks omitted). “To properly fact plead, ‘a petitioner must state specific, particularized facts which entitle him or her to habeas corpus relief for each ground specified. These facts must consist of sufficient detail to enable the court to determine, from the face of the petition alone, whether the petition merits further habeas corpus review.'” Arrington v. Warden, GDCP, No. CV 117-022, 2017 WL 4079405, at *2 (S.D. Ga. Sept. 14, 2017) (quoting Adams v. Armontrout, 897 F.2d 332, 334 (8th Cir. 1990)). Therefore, a habeas petitioner cannot merely levy conclusory allegations but must support his claims with specific factual detail. Id. (citing James v. Borg, 24 F.3d 20, 26 (9th Cir. 1994)). The requisite review of Walker's Petition implicates doctrines of law which require the dismissal of his Petition.

         I. Dismissal for Untimeliness

         To determine whether Walker timely filed his petition, the Court must look to the applicable statute of limitations periods. A prisoner must file a petition for writ of habeas corpus in federal court within one (1) year. 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1). This statute of limitations period runs from the latest of four possible dates:

(A) the date on which the judgment of conviction becomes final by the conclusion of direct review or the expiration of time for seeking such review;
(B) the date on which the impediment to filing an application by State action in violation of the Constitution or laws of the United States is removed, if the applicant was prevented from filing by such State action;
(C) the date on which the constitutional right asserted was initially recognized by the Supreme Court, if that right has been newly recognized by the Supreme Court and made retroactively applicable to cases on collateral review; or
(D) the date on which the factual predicate of the claim or claims presented could have been discovered through the ...

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