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Caterpillar Financial Services Corp. v. Schnee

United States District Court, M.D. Georgia, Macon Division

January 24, 2018




         Before the Court is Plaintiff's motion for default judgment (Doc. 7). For the following reasons, the motion is GRANTED.


         Two nonparties, Yancey and Big D's, entered into two separate installment sale contracts (“the Contracts”). Doc. 1 ¶¶ 7-8. Plaintiff is the assignee of Yancey's interest in and rights and remedies under the Contracts, while Defendant is the guarantor of Big D's indebtedness, obligations, and liabilities under the Contracts. Id. ¶¶ 9-10. Plaintiff claims that Big D's and Defendant “defaulted under each of the Contracts and the Guaranty by, among other things, failing to pay amounts as they became due.” Id. ¶ 11.

         On October 6, 2017, after Big D's filed for bankruptcy and failed to remit payments to Plaintiff pursuant to its Chapter 11 Plan of Reorganization, Plaintiff's attorney sent Defendant a letter via certified mail. Docs. 1 ¶ 12; 1-6 at 2. In that letter, Plaintiff's attorney informed Defendant that Big D's was “unable to cure the default” and that Plaintiff is seeking from Defendant “immediate payment of the total outstanding indebtedness owed pursuant to the terms of the security agreements.” Id. The letter also advised Defendant, as notice pursuant to O.C.G.A. § 13-1-11, that “unless full payment of the outstanding principal and interest is made within ten (10) days from receipt hereof, [Plaintiff] will have no alternative but to enforce the provisions in the loan documents relative to the payment of statutory attorneys' fees, in addition to the provisions regarding principal, interest, late fees, and costs of collection.” Id.

         On October 18, 2017, Plaintiff filed suit against Defendant, seeking “outstanding and unpaid indebtedness due under the Contracts as of October 15, 2017” in the amount of $342, 222.17, “with additional interest to accrue at the total per diem rate of $41.18 per day thereafter.” Doc. 1 ¶ 14. Plaintiff also seeks “attorneys' fees and expenses of collection, pursuant to the Contracts, the Guaranty and applicable law.” Id. ¶ 16. Defendant was served with a summons on October 25. Doc. 5 at 1. Because Defendant did not answer or otherwise defend, Plaintiff obtained an entry of default on December 6. Doc. 6. The Plaintiff now moves for default judgment. Doc. 7. Defendant has not responded to Plaintiff's motion.


         Pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P. 55(a), the Clerk of Court must enter a party's default if that party's failure to plead or otherwise defend an action against it “is shown by affidavit or otherwise.” After default has been entered, the Clerk may enter a default judgment on the plaintiff's request if the claim “is for a sum certain or a sum that can be made certain by computation, ” as long as the party is not a minor or incompetent and has not made an appearance. Fed.R.Civ.P. 55(b)(1). In all other cases, the plaintiff must apply to the Court for a default judgment. Fed.R.Civ.P. 55(b)(2). The Court must hold an evidentiary hearing to determine damages unless all the essential evidence is already on the record. See S.E.C. v. Smyth, 420 F.3d 1225, 1232 n.13 (11th Cir. 2005) (“We have held that no such hearing is required where all essential evidence is already of record.”); see also Fed. R. Civ. P. 55(b)(2) (“The court may conduct hearings . . . .” (emphasis added)).

         After the Clerk's entry of default, a defendant is deemed to admit all well-pleaded factual allegations in the complaint. Nishimatsu Const. Co., Ltd. v. Houston Nat'l Bank, 515 F.2d 1200, 1206 (5th Cir. 1975).[1] An entry of default against the defendant does not establish that the plaintiff is entitled to a default judgment, however. The defendant is not deemed to admit (1) facts that are not well-pleaded or (2) conclusions of law. Id. “The Court must consider whether the unchallenged facts constitute a legitimate cause of action, since the party in default does not admit a mere conclusion of law. In considering any default judgment, the Court must consider (1) jurisdiction, (2) liability, and (3) damages.” Johnson v. Rammage, 2007 WL 2276847, at *1 (M.D. Ga.) (citing Pitts v. Seneca Sports, Inc., 321 F.Supp.2d 1353, 1356 (S.D. Ga. 2004)). The defendant is not deemed to admit the plaintiff's allegations relating to the amount of damages, also. Patray v. Nw. Publ'g, Inc., 931 F.Supp. 865, 869 (S.D. Ga. 1996); see also Anheuser Busch, Inc. v. Philpot, 317 F.3d 1264, 1266 (11th Cir. 2003) (“A court has an obligation to assure that there is a legitimate basis for any damage award it enters . . . .”).

         A. Jurisdiction and Liability

         The factual allegations in the complaint, deemed admitted by Defendant, establish that Plaintiff is a Delaware corporation with its principal place of business in Nashville, Tennessee and that Defendant is a citizen of the State of Georgia. Doc. 1 ¶¶ 1-2. The amount in controversy exceeds $75, 000. Id. ¶ 3. Therefore, the Court possesses diversity jurisdiction over this case pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1332. The allegations also show that the Court holds personal jurisdiction over Defendant. Id. ¶ 4.

         Moreover, the factual allegations show that Defendant is a guarantor of the debts owed to Plaintiff, that he has failed to pay the amounts owed under the Contracts, and that Plaintiff has a right to recover the amounts owed. See Docs. 1; 1-1; 1-3; 1-4; 1-5; 1-6 (setting forth the terms of the Contracts and Defendant's Guaranty, the assignment of the interest and rights under the Contracts to Plaintiff, and Defendant's default).

         B. Damages

         An evidentiary hearing is not necessary to determine damages because there ...

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