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Johnson v. Bryson

United States District Court, M.D. Georgia, Macon Division

September 8, 2017

RICKY J. JOHNSON, Plaintiff,
HOMER BRYSON, et al., Defendants.



         Before the Court is the United States Magistrate Judge's Order and Recommendation [Doc. 7] after the preliminary screening required by 28 U.S.C. § 1915A to allow Plaintiff's Eighth Amendment denial of medical treatment claims to proceed for further factual development and dismiss Plaintiff's claims under the Americans with Disabilities Act (“ADA”), 42 U.S.C. §12101, et seq. Plaintiff has filed a timely Objection to the Recommendation to dismiss his ADA claims, asserting additional facts to address the deficiencies in his complaint described in the Recommendation. Having considered Plaintiff's objection and investigated these matters de novo, the Recommendation [Doc. 7] is hereby ADOPTED IN PART and REJECTED IN PART in light of Plaintiff's new factual allegations.


         Because Plaintiff has asserted additional facts in his Objection regarding his ADA claim, the Court will CONSTRUE the Objection as a Motion to Amend the Complaint. “Although the form of those additional allegations w[as an] objection[ ] to the recommendation of dismissal, the collective substance of [it] was to attempt to amend the complaint. Because courts must construe pro se pleadings liberally, the district court should . . . consider [the plaintiff's] additional allegations in the objection[ ] as a motion to amend his complaint and grant[ ] it.”[1] Accordingly, this Motion is GRANTED.

         Title II of the ADA prohibits public entities from discriminating against disabled individuals, and it applies to services provided to inmates in Georgia state prisons.[2] To state a claim under Title II, the plaintiff must establish:

(1) that he is a qualified individual with a disability; (2) that he was either excluded from participation in or denied the benefits of a public entity's services, programs, or activities or was otherwise discriminated against by the public entity; and (3) that the exclusion, denial of benefit, or discrimination was by reason of the plaintiff's disability.[3]

         The Eleventh Circuit has held that “the ADA is not a ‘remedy for medical malpractice' and ‘would not be violated by a prison's simply failing to attend to the medical needs of its disabled prisoners.'”[4] However, the ADA is not wholly inapplicable to claims based on deliberate indifference to an inmate's medical condition. Indeed, the Eleventh Circuit has held that a prison's failure to give a prisoner the treatment prescribed by his dermatologist “is sufficient for the Plaintiff to plead a prima facie ADA claim.”[5]

         With the newly-asserted allegations, Plaintiff has alleged more than a mere disagreement with his medical treatment. Plaintiff contends that he was diagnosed with Hepatitis C, and despite having been prescribed treatment, Defendants have failed to treat him for over nine years due to the costs. Plaintiff states the Hepatitis has progressed, and he has now been diagnosed with cirrhosis of the liver. His liver function is “substantially limited.” Plaintiff states that he has lost nearly twenty pounds due to loss of appetite; has skin lesions; is suffering from headaches, nausea, and vomiting; and is experiencing bouts of anxiety and depression. These allegations are sufficient to permit Plaintiff's ADA claims to proceed for further factual development.

         It appears Plaintiff has named only individuals as Defendants to his ADA claim, but the ADA “does not provide for individual liability.”[6] However, the Court will construe Plaintiff's Complaint as seeking to raise his ADA claim against Defendants in their official capacity and will permit that claim to proceed for further factual development.[7] To the extent Plaintiff attempts to sue any Defendant in his or her individual capacity for an ADA violation, such claims are DISMISSED.


         Based on the foregoing, the Order and Recommendation [Doc. 7] is ADOPTED in part and REJECTED in part. The findings and conclusions in the Order and Recommendation are hereby INCORPORATED and MADE THE ORDER OF THE COURT with the exception of the Magistrate Judge's recommendation to dismiss Plaintiff's ADA claim. Accordingly, Plaintiff's Eighth Amendment and ADA claims may proceed for further factual development.

         To the extent Plaintiff's Complaint alleges an ADA claim against any Defendant in his individual capacity, that claim is DISMISSED.

         SO ...

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