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Creek v. Brentwood Creek/American Mgmt Group

United States District Court, N.D. Georgia, Atlanta Division

July 26, 2017




         This matter is before the Court on Magistrate Judge Russell G. Vineyard's Final Report and Recommendation (“R&R”) [3], which recommends remanding this dispossessory action to the Magistrate Court of Fulton County, Georgia.

         I. BACKGROUND

         On June 9, 2017, Plaintiff Brentwood Creek/American Mgmt Group (“Plaintiff”) filed, in the Magistrate Court of Fulton County, Georgia, [1] a dispossessory proceeding against its tenant, Defendant Jayme Stanback (“Defendant”).[2] The dispossessory proceeding seeks possession of the premises occupied by Defendant, and past due rent, fees and costs.

         On June 29, 2017, Defendant, proceeding pro se, removed the Fulton County dispossessory action to this Court by filing a Notice of Removal [2] and an application to proceed in forma pauperis (“IFP”) [1]. Defendant appears to assert in the removal petition that federal question jurisdiction exists because “Defendant complains of various systematic and premeditated deprivations of fundamental Rights guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution, by the Constitution of the State of Georgia and by federal law, and which deprivations are violations of 18 U.S.C. §§ 241 and 242.” (Notice of Removal [2] at 5).

         On July 5, 2017, Magistrate Judge Vineyard granted Defendant's application to proceed IFP. The Magistrate Judge then considered, sua sponte, whether there is federal subject matter jurisdiction over the action removed. The Court found that federal subject matter jurisdiction was not present and recommended that the Court remand the case to the Magistrate Court of Fulton County. The Magistrate Judge also found that Plaintiff's Complaint asserts a state court dispossessory action and that a federal law defense or counterclaim does not confer federal question jurisdiction. The Magistrate Judge concluded that the Court does not have federal jurisdiction over this action.

         There are no objections to the R&R.


         A. Legal Standard

         After conducting a careful and complete review of the findings and recommendations, a district judge may accept, reject or modify a magistrate judge's report and recommendation. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); Williams v. Wainwright, 681 F.2d 732, 732 (11th Cir. 1982), cert. denied, 459 U.S. 1112 (1983). A district judge “shall make a de novo determination of those portions of the report or specified proposed findings or recommendations to which objection is made.” 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). With respect to those findings and recommendations to which objections have not been asserted, the Court must conduct a plain error review of the record. United States v. Slay, 714 F.2d 1093, 1095 (11th Cir. 1983).

         B. Analysis

         The Magistrate Judge found that Plaintiff's Complaint does not present a federal question. It is well-settled that federal question jurisdiction exists only when a federal question is presented on the face of a plaintiff's well-pleaded complaint and that assertion of defenses or counterclaims based on federal law cannot confer federal question jurisdiction over a cause of action. See Beneficial Nat'l Bank v. Anderson, 539 U.S. 1, 6 (2003); Holmes Group, Inc. v. Vornado Air Circulation Sys., Inc., 535 U.S. 826, 830-32 (2002). Although the Defendant lists various federal authorities in which the Court has jurisdiction to hear cases, for the reasons stated in the R&R, Defendant fails to allege facts to show that federal question jurisdiction exists here. (Notice for Removal [2] at 2).

         Although not alleged in the Notice of Removal, the Court also concludes that diversity jurisdiction is not present in this action. Diversity jurisdiction exists over suits between citizens of different states where the amount in controversy exceeds $75, 000. 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a). The Defendant here does not, in the Notice of Removal, state the citizenship of either party and does not allege facts to establish diversity jurisdiction.[3] Even if complete diversity was alleged, the amount-in-controversy requirement is not met. “[A] claim seeking only ejectment in a dispossessory action cannot be reduced to a monetary sum for the purposes of determining the amount in controversy.” Citimortgage, Inc. v. Dhinoja, 705 F.Supp.2d 1378, 1382 (N.D.Ga. 2010); Novastar Mortg., Inc. v. Bennett, 173 F.Supp. 2d. 1358, 1361 (N.D.Ga. 2001), aff'd, 35 F. App'x 858 (11th Cir. 2002); cf. Fed. Home Loan Mortg. Corp. v. Williams, Nos. 1:07-cv-2864-RWS, 1:07-cv-2865-RWS, 2008 WL 115096, at *2 (N.D.Ga. Jan 29, 2008) (“[A] dispossessory proceeding under Georgia law in not an ownership dispute, but rather a dispute over the limited right to possession, title to property is not at issue and, accordingly, the removing Defendant may not rely on the value of the property as a whole to satisfy the amount in controversy requirement.”). Removal was not properly based on diversity of citizenship.[4]

         Because the Court lacks both federal question and diversity jurisdiction, this action is required to be remanded to the Fulton County Magistrate Court. See 28 U.S.C. § 1447(c) (“If at any time before final judgment it appears that the district ...

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