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Faicson v. Medical Nurse Denise Unknown

United States District Court, S.D. Georgia, Waycross Division

June 15, 2017

TYRONZA FAICSON, Plaintiff,
v.
MEDICAL NURSE DENISE UNKNOWN, ET AL., all in their individual capacities, Defendants.

          ORDER AND MAGISTRATE JUDGE'S REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION

          R. STAN BAKER UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE.

         This matter comes before the Court on Plaintiff's failure to comply with the Court's Order of March 23, 2017, to inform the Court in writing of any change in address. (Doc. 3.) For the following reasons, I RECOMMEND the Court DISMISS Plaintiff's Complaint, (doc. 1), without prejudice for Plaintiff's failure to follow this Court's Orders and failure to prosecute and DIRECT the Clerk of Court to CLOSE this case. I further RECOMMEND the Court DENY Plaintiff leave to appeal in forma pauperis.

         BACKGROUND

         Plaintiff, who was housed at the Coffee County Jail in Douglas, Georgia, brought this action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 on March 3, 2017. (Doc. 1.) On March 23, 2017, the Court granted Plaintiff leave to proceed in forma pauperis. (Doc. 3.) In that Order, the Court stressed that Plaintiff was to immediately inform the Court of any change of address, and his failure to do so would result in the dismissal of this case, without prejudice. (Id. at p. 3.) Plaintiff submitted his Consent to Collection of Fees and his Prisoner Trust Account Statement on March 31, 2017, in response to that Order. (Docs. 5, 6.)

         On May 24, 2017, the Court assessed an initial, partial filing fee and directed Plaintiff's custodian to deduct this amount from Plaintiff's prison trust account and to forward that amount to the Clerk of Court. (Doc. 7.) The Clerk of Court mailed a copy of the Court's Order to Plaintiff at his last known place of residence, the Coffee County Jail. However, Captain Kim Phillips with the Coffee County Sheriff's Office notified the Court by letter dated May 26, 2017, that Plaintiff was no longer housed at the Coffee County Jail and had not been housed there since March 31, 2017. (Doc. 8.) In addition, the May 24, 2017, Order this Court sent to Plaintiff was returned as undeliverable. (Doc. 9.) Plaintiff has not notified the Court of his change of address or made any effort to inform the Court of his whereabouts. In fact, Plaintiff has failed to file any pleading with the Court since March 31, 2017.

         DISCUSSION

         The Court must now determine how to address Plaintiff's failure to comply with this Court's directives. For the reasons set forth below, I RECOMMEND the Court DISMISS Plaintiff's Complaint without prejudice and DENY Plaintiff leave to appeal in forma pauperis.

         I. Dismissal for Failure to Prosecute and Failure to Follow this Court's Order

         A district court may dismiss a plaintiff's claims sua sponte pursuant to either Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(b), (“Rule 41(b)”), or the court's inherent authority to manage its docket. Link v. Wabash R.R. Co., 370 U.S. 626 (1962);[1] Coleman v. St. Lucie Cty. Jail, 433 F.App'x 716, 718 (11th Cir. 2011) (citing Fed.R.Civ.P. 41(b) and Betty K Agencies, Ltd. v. M/V MONADA, 432 F.3d 1333, 1337 (11th Cir. 2005)). In particular, Rule 41(b) allows for the involuntary dismissal of a plaintiff's claims where he has failed to prosecute those claims, comply with the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure or local rules, or follow a court order. Fed.R.Civ.P. 41(b); see also Coleman, 433 F.App'x at 718; Sanders v. Barrett, No. 05-12660, 2005 WL 2640979, at *1 (11th Cir. Oct. 17, 2005) (citing Kilgo v. Ricks, 983 F.2d 189, 192 (11th Cir. 1993)); cf. Local R. 41.1(b) (“[T]he assigned Judge may, after notice to counsel of record, sua sponte . . . dismiss any action for want of prosecution, with or without prejudice[, ] . . . [based on] willful disobedience or neglect of any order of the Court.” (emphasis omitted)). Additionally, a district court's “power to dismiss is an inherent aspect of its authority to enforce its orders and ensure prompt disposition of lawsuits.” Brown v. Tallahassee Police Dep't, 205 F.App'x 802, 802 (11th Cir. 2006) (quoting Jones v. Graham, 709 F.2d 1457, 1458 (11th Cir. 1983)).

         It is true that dismissal with prejudice for failure to prosecute is a “sanction . . . to be utilized only in extreme situations” and requires that a court “(1) conclud[e] a clear record of delay or willful contempt exists; and (2) mak[e] an implicit or explicit finding that lesser sanctions would not suffice.” Thomas v. Montgomery Cty. Bd. of Educ., 170 F.App'x 623, 625-26 (11th Cir. 2006) (quoting Morewitz v. West of Eng. Ship Owners Mut. Prot. & Indem. Ass'n (Lux.), 62 F.3d 1356, 1366 (11th Cir. 1995)); see also Taylor v. Spaziano, 251 F.App'x 616, 619 (11th Cir. 2007) (citing Morewitz, 62 F.3d at 1366). By contrast, dismissal without prejudice for failure to prosecute is not an adjudication on the merits, and, therefore, courts are afforded greater discretion in dismissing claims in this manner. Taylor, 251 F.App'x at 619; see also Coleman, 433 F.App'x at 719; Brown, 205 F.App'x at 802-03.

         While the Court exercises its discretion to dismiss cases with caution, dismissal of this action without prejudice is warranted. See Coleman, 433 F.App'x at 719 (upholding dismissal without prejudice for failure to prosecute Section 1983 complaint, where plaintiff did not respond to court order to supply defendant's current address for purpose of service); Taylor, 251 F.App'x at 620-21 (upholding dismissal without prejudice for failure to prosecute because plaintiffs insisted on going forward with deficient amended complaint rather than complying, or seeking an extension of time to comply, with court's order to file second amended complaint); Brown, 205 F.App'x at 802-03 (upholding dismissal without prejudice for failure to prosecute Section 1983 claims, where plaintiff failed to follow court order to file amended complaint and court had informed plaintiff that noncompliance could lead to dismissal). With Plaintiff having failed to provide the Court with his updated address, as directed, the Court is unable to move forward with this case. Moreover, Plaintiff was given ample time to follow the Court's directive, and Plaintiff has not made any effort to do so or to inform the Court as to why he cannot comply with its directives. Indeed, Plaintiff has not made any filings in this case in over two months' time.

         Thus, I RECOMMEND the Court DISMISS without prejudice Plaintiff's Complaint, (doc. 1), for failure to prosecute and failure to follow this Court's Orders and DIRECT the Clerk of Court to CLOSE this case.

         II. Leave to Appeal in Forma Pauperis

         The Court should also deny Plaintiff leave to appeal in forma pauperis. Though Plaintiff has, of course, not yet filed a notice of appeal, it is proper to address these issues in the Court's order of dismissal. See Fed. R. App. P. 24(a)(3) (trial court may certify that appeal of party proceeding in forma pauperis ...


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