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Wright v. Bank of America

United States District Court, M.D. Georgia, Columbus Division

April 7, 2017

LORETTA WRIGHT, Plaintiff,
v.
BANK OF AMERICA and DEUTSCHE BANK TRUST COMPANY, Defendants.

          ORDER

          CLAY D. LAND CHIEF U.S. DISTRICT COURT JUDGE

         Presently pending before the Court is Defendants' motion to dismiss Plaintiff Loretta Wright's amended complaint. For the reasons set forth below, the motion (ECF No. 34) is granted.

         MOTION TO DISMISS STANDARD

         “To survive a motion to dismiss” under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6), “a complaint must contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to ‘state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.'” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009) (quoting Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007)). The complaint must include sufficient factual allegations “to raise a right to relief above the speculative level.” Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555. In other words, the factual allegations must “raise a reasonable expectation that discovery will reveal evidence of” the plaintiff's claims. Id. at 556. “Rule 12(b)(6) does not permit dismissal of a well-pleaded complaint simply because ‘it strikes a savvy judge that actual proof of those facts is improbable.'” Watts v. Fla. Int'l Univ., 495 F.3d 1289, 1295 (11th Cir. 2007) (quoting Twombly, 550 U.S. at 556). In ruling on a motion to dismiss, the Court may consider exhibits attached to the complaint. Brooks v. Blue Cross & Blue Shield of Florida, Inc., 116 F.3d 1364, 1368 (11th Cir. 1997) (per curiam).

         FACTUAL ALLEGATIONS

         Wright, who is proceeding pro se, filed a complaint that failed to articulate a short and plain statement of her claims as required under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 8(a)(2). The Court permitted Wright to file an amended complaint, and the Court instructed Wright that the amended complaint must set forth “exactly what claims Wright is pursuing” and “basic factual allegations that support each claim.” Order 3, Jan. 5, 2017, ECF No. 25. Wright filed an amended complaint, but she still has not clearly articulated the factual bases for her claims. Defendants seek dismissal of the amended complaint.

         Wright contends that she was injured because of the actions of Defendants Bank of America and Deutsche Bank National Trust Company. Am. Compl. 4, ECF No. 32. Based on the amended complaint and its attachments, Wright alleges that she executed a security deed on certain real property as security for a loan from the Secretary of Veterans Affairs. Am. Compl. Ex C, Security Deed, ECF No. 32-3. The security deed was transferred to Deutsche Bank, and Bank of America serviced the loan. Wright appears to acknowledge that she fell behind on her loan payments, and she alleges that Bank of America refused “all reasonable offers on numerous occasions in any amount to bring current any deficiency.” Am. Compl. ¶ 4(3)). She did not allege any specific facts about the deficiencies or her efforts to cure them.

         In 2014, the property was sold in a non-judicial foreclosure proceeding. Id. ¶ 4(1); Am. Compl. Ex. B, Deed Under Power, ECF No. 32-2. Wright did not allege any specific facts about the non-judicial foreclosure proceeding. And in 2016, Wright was evicted from the property. Am. Compl. Ex. A, Writ of Possession & Judgment, ECF No. 32-1. Wright did not allege any specific facts about the events giving rise to her eviction.

         DISCUSSION

         Wright appears to be attempting to raise seven claims. The Court will address each one in turn.

         First, Wright tries to assert a claim against Defendants based on the non-judicial foreclosure process, which Wright alleges “violates the Constitution.” Am. Compl. ¶ 4(1). Wright did not allege any facts regarding the non-judicial foreclosure proceeding in her case, and she did not state how it violated the Constitution. In addition, Wright did not allege any facts to suggest that Defendants were state actors who can be subject to such constitutional claims. For these reasons, Wright's constitutional claim based on the non-judicial foreclosure process fails.

         Second, Wright summarily alleges that the Security Deed violates her “civil rights under the Civil Rights Act of 1964.” Am. Compl. ¶ 4(2). In general, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination based on protected characteristics, such as race, in several contexts. See generally Civil Rights Act of 1964, Pub. L. 88-352, 78 Stat. 241. Wright did not make any factual allegations in support of this “civil rights” claim, and the claim fails for that reason.

         Third, Wright alleges that the Security Deed “constitute[s] an adhesion contract, ” Am. Compl. ¶ 5, although she also asserts that she did not have a contract with either Defendant, id. ¶ 6. Wright did not allege any other facts on this point, and it is not clear what relief she is seeking based on this allegation. “And, in any event, the fact that a contract is adhesive does not, standing alone, render the contract unenforceable.” Realty Lenders, Inc. v. Levine, 649 S.E.2d 333, 336 (Ga.Ct.App. 2007). For these reasons, any claim based on the allegedly adhesive nature of the Security Deed fails.

         Fourth, Wright claims that Bank of America violated the terms of the Security Deed “by refusing all reasonable offers on numerous occasions in any amount to bring current any deficiency.” Am. Compl. ¶ 4(3). Wright did not point to any specific provisions of the Security Deed that were allegedly violated. The Court notes that under the Security Deed, a default occurs if there is a payment deficiency unless that deficiency is “made good” before the due date of the next payment. Security Deed 2 ¶ 2. Wright appears to acknowledge that there was a deficiency on her account, but she did not allege that any deficiency was “made ...


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