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Holowiak v. State

Court of Appeals of Georgia

July 15, 2015

HOLOWIAK
v.
THE STATE

Reconsideration denied July 30, 2015 -- Cert. applied for.

DUI. Cherokee State Court. Before Judge Jordan.

The Merchant Law Firm, Ashleigh B. Merchant; Head, Thomas, Webb & Willis, William C. Head, for appellant.

Jessica K. Moss, Solicitor-General, David M. McElyea, Assistant Solicitor-General, for appellee.

ANDREWS, Presiding Judge. Miller and Branch, JJ., concur.

OPINION

Page 230

Andrews, Presiding Judge.

This is the fourth appearance of this case in this Court. See Holowiak v. State, 316 Ga.App. 328 (729 S.E.2d 486) (2012) ( Holowiak III ); Holowiak v. State, 308 Ga.App. 887 (709 S.E.2d 39) (2011) ( Holowiak II ); Holowiak v. State, 295 Ga.App. 474 (672 S.E.2d 454) (2009) ( Holowiak I ). In Holowiak II, we affirmed Nicholas James Holowiak's conviction of driving under the influence (" DUI" ) of alcohol per se, concluding, among other things, that the trial court did not err in denying Holowiak's motion, pursuant to former OCGA § 24-10-94, seeking a material witness certificate in order to compel the attendance and testimony of an out-of-state witness in the trial court and thereby obtain the source code for the Intoxilyzer 5000, the machine used to test Holowiak's blood alcohol content (" BAC" ). 308 Ga.App. at 890-891 (2). The Supreme Court of Georgia granted Holowiak's petition for a writ of certiorari, and in an unpublished order in Case No. S11C1190, it remanded the case to this Court for reconsideration in light of its decision in Davenport v. State, 289 Ga. 399 (711 S.E.2d 699) (2011). In Holowiak III, we vacated Division 2 of Holowiak II and remanded for the trial court to apply the correct standard under Davenport in reviewing Holowiak's motion for a material witness certificate. 316 Ga.App. at 329. We instructed the trial court to determine

Page 231

whether the witness for whom a certificate was requested was " material," and, if so, whether " Holowiak is entitled to a new trial or a new trial conditioned on the issuance by the appropriate out-of-state court of a subpoena to compel the appearance of the witness in Georgia." (Punctuation omitted.) Id. On remand, the trial court initially entered an order finding that Holowiak was entitled to a new trial conditioned on the issuance of the requested subpoena, but it later set aside the order, finding that it erred in granting a conditional new trial. As discussed below, we have no basis for concluding that the trial court abused its discretion in determining that the testimony or documents sought from the out-of-state witness were not material and that Holowiak was not entitled to a new trial. Accordingly, we affirm.

The record shows that Holowiak was arrested for DUI on December 31, 2006 and charged with DUI per se and DUI less safe. Prior to trial, Holowiak filed a motion for discovery of the Intoxilyzer 5000 software source code and a motion to suppress challenging the constitutionality of the roadblock where he was stopped. Following an evidentiary hearing on October 30, 2007, the trial court entered an order on or about February 11, 2008 denying the motions. Prior to the evidentiary hearing, Holowiak filed a motion for a material witness certificate in order to seek to compel the attendance and testimony in the trial court of the manager of engineering of CMI, Inc., the Kentucky-based manufacturer of the Intoxilyzer 5000 machines used for state-administered BAC tests in Georgia. Holowiak did not raise the issue of the material witness certificate at the evidentiary hearing, and the trial court did not rule on the motion for the certificate in its February 11, 2008 order.

The trial court issued a certificate of immediate review of the February 11, 2008 order, and this Court granted Holowiak's application for interlocutory appeal. In Holowiak I, we held that the trial court did not err in denying the motion to suppress or the motion for discovery. 295 Ga.App. at 475-476. While Holowiak enumerated as error the trial court's failure to issue a material witness certificate, we held the issue was not properly before us. Id. at 475.

Subsequent to our decision in Holowiak I, Holowiak filed an amended motion for a material witness certificate to facilitate obtaining a subpoena duces tecum requiring one or more representatives of CMI, or its parent company, to produce the source code for the Intoxilyzer 5000. The trial court denied the motion.[1] Holowiak proceeded to a jury trial in September 2009. He was acquitted of DUI less safe, and a mistrial was declared on the DUI per se count because the jury deadlocked. Holowiak was retried on the DUI per se count in January 2010, and the jury found him guilty. The trial court denied his motion for a new trial, and his appeal in Holowiak II followed.

After this Court remanded the case in Holowiak III, the trial court entered an order on November 30, 2012 granting a conditional new trial and setting a motions hearing on April 15, 2013 and a jury trial on May 6, 2013. On April 12, 2013, Holowiak filed a motion for a continuance, arguing that a forthcoming decision from the Kentucky Court of Appeals would determine whether the circuit court in Kentucky with jurisdiction over CMI had properly determined that material witness certificates like the one the trial court had issued were defective. On May 6, 2013, Holowiak filed a notice in the trial court regarding documents sent to be filed in the Circuit Court of Daviess County Kentucky. The exhibits to the notice indicate that Holowiak first forwarded the documentation to obtain a subpoena to a Kentucky attorney for filing on or about March 19, 2013. On February 14, 2014, the State filed a motion for reconsideration of ...


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