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Battle v. Bridger

United States District Court, M.D. Georgia, Macon Division

June 11, 2015

Detective SHAUN BRIDGER, Attorney ADAM NAGEL, and Attorney VERONICA BRINSON, Defendants.


MARC T. TREADWELL, District Judge.

Plaintiff Cedric Battle, an inmate at Baldwin State Prison, has filed a pro se civil rights complaint under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 (ECF No. 1). Parties instituting non-habeas civil actions must pay a $400.00 filing fee. 28 U.S.C. §§ 1914(a). Because Plaintiff has failed to pay said fee, the Court assumes that he wishes to proceed in forma pauperis ("IFP") in this action. Solely for purposes of the Court's dismissing this action, leave to proceed IFP is GRANTED.


Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(a), a federal court is required to conduct an initial screening of a prisoner complaint that "seeks redress from a governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity." Section 1915A(b) requires a federal court to dismiss a prisoner complaint that is: (1) "frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted"; or (2) "seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief."

A claim is frivolous when it appears from the face of the complaint that the factual allegations are "clearly baseless" or that the legal theories are "indisputably meritless." Carroll v. Gross, 984 F.2d 392, 393 (11th Cir. 1993). A complaint fails to state a claim when it does not include "enough factual matter (taken as true)" to "give the defendant fair notice of what the... claim is and the grounds upon which it rests[.]" Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555-56 (2007) (noting that "[f]actual allegations must be enough to raise a right to relief above the speculative level, " and that the complaint "must contain something more... than... a statement of facts that merely creates a suspicion [of] a legally cognizable right of action") (internal quotations and citations omitted); see also Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009) (explaining that "threadbare recitals of the elements of a cause of action, supported by mere conclusory statements, do not suffice").

In making the above determinations, all factual allegations in the complaint must be viewed as true. Brown v. Johnson, 387 F.3d 1344, 1347 (11th Cir. 2004). Moreover, "[p]ro se pleadings are held to a less stringent standard than pleadings drafted by attorneys and will, therefore, be liberally construed." Tannenbaum v. United States, 148 F.3d 1262, 1263 (11th Cir. 1998).

In order to state a claim for relief under section 1983, a plaintiff must allege that: (1) an act or omission deprived him of a right, privilege, or immunity secured by the Constitution or a statute of the United States; and (2) the act or omission was committed by a person acting under color of state law. Hale v. Tallapoosa County, 50 F.3d 1579, 1581 (11th Cir. 1995). If a litigant cannot satisfy these requirements, or fails to provide factual allegations in support of his claim or claims, then the complaint is subject to dismissal. See Chappell v. Rich, 340 F.3d 1279, 1282-84 (11th Cir. 2003) (affirming the district court's dismissal of a section 1983 complaint because the plaintiffs factual allegations were insufficient to support the alleged constitutional violation). See also 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b) (dictating that a complaint, or any portion thereof, that does not pass the standard in section 1915A "shall" be dismissed on preliminary review).


Plaintiff's claims arise out of his 2010 conviction in the Superior Court of Bibb County for aggravated assault, for which he is presently serving a 35-year sentence. Plaintiff sues the following Defendants: (1) Detective Shaun Bridger (Macon Police Department); (2) attorney Adam Nagel (Bibb County Public Defender's Office); and (3) private attorney Veronica Brinson.

Plaintiff does not link Defendant Bridger with any of his stated claims. Presumably, Plaintiff sues Bridger because he interviewed the victim of Plaintiff's crime and her mother on December 1, 2009. (ECF No. 1-2, 1-3).

Plaintiff alleges that Defendant Nagel "willfully misrepresented" Plaintiff in his criminal trial. (ECF No. 1 at 6). He also alleges that Nagel acted in "unison" with Defendant Brinson, who agreed to handle Plaintiff's appeal, was paid a retainer to do so, but then failed to file an appeal. (Id. at 6, 8-9).

Plaintiff makes numerous summary allegations attacking his conviction. He also complains about numerous constitutional rights being violated through "several judicial proceedings [in February -] in Bibb County Superior Court." (Id. at 6). Plaintiff does not link the above claims to any Defendant and he fails to describe the - court proceedings.

As relief, Plaintiff seeks damages against all Defendants and an order requiring Brinson to return the unused ...

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