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Anglin v. Moore

Court of Appeals of Georgia

May 1, 2015

ANGLIN
v.
MOORE et al

Reconsideration denied May 14, 2015 -- Cert. applied for.

Attorney fees. Fulton Superior Court. Before Judge Bedford.

Deming, Parker, Hoffman, Campbell & Daly, Frank E. Pape, Jr., for appellant.

Nelson Mullins Riley & Scarborough, Mark S. VanderBroek, Eliyahu E. Wolfe, for appellees.

Sarah T. Austin, Charles R. Bliss, David A. Webster, amici curiae.

OPINION

Doyle, Presiding Judge.

Conroy Anglin filed a dispossessory action against Sakinah Moore and Jeremy Ponds (" the tenants" ), and the tenants answered and asserted counterclaims including and attorney fees. The superior court entered judgment in favor of the tenants,

Page 526

including an award of attorney fees. Anglin filed an application for a discretionary appeal, which this Court granted. On appeal, Anglin argues that the trial court erred by awarding attorney fees to the tenants because they failed to specially plead their attorney fees claim under OCGA § 13-6-11, and to provide notice of their claim pursuant to OCGA § 13-1-11. We disagree and affirm for the reasons that follow.

The record shows that the tenants entered into a one-year lease agreement with Anglin to rent his townhouse. As a part of the agreement, Anglin kept the water bill in his name, but the tenants paid it.[1] At some point, the tenants requested additional time to pay the June 2013 rent. Thereafter, although the tenants were current on the water bill, Anglin had the water turned off to the apartment and closed the account. After about two weeks, the tenants began staying with friends but left their belongings in the townhouse. Anglin then changed the locks and went through the tenants' items.

Anglin filed a dispossessory action in magistrate court, and the tenants counterclaimed for wrongful eviction, conversion, failure to maintain and make repairs, and breach of contract, and asked for damages, including reasonable attorney fees. The magistrate court entered judgment in favor of the tenants, finding that Anglin's conduct amounted to trespass, conversion, and unlawful interference with the tenants' enjoyment of the property and that it resulted in a wrongful constructive eviction, which also breached the lease agreement. [332 Ga.App. 347] Anglin was ordered to pay the following amounts in damages: $500 to refund the tenants' security deposit; $13,286.50 in damages for the conversion of or damage to the tenants' property; $1,559 for expenses due to the constructive eviction; $1,000 for trespass and interference with their right of enjoyment; $10,000 in punitive damages; and $4,000 in attorney fees. The magistrate court also ordered Anglin to permit the tenants to enter the townhouse and retrieve their items, which they did on or about July 18, 2013. Anglin then appealed to superior court.

After a bench trial, the superior court found in favor of the tenants on their counterclaims for wrongful constructive eviction, conversion, and breach of contract, and in favor of Anglin on the counterclaim for failure to maintain and make repairs. The superior court entered judgment in the amount of $43,061.86, which included $5,328 in actual damages, $5,000 in punitive damages, $30,475 in attorney fees, and $2,258.86 in legal expenses. Specifically, the trial court explained that " [the tenants were] entitled to recover attorney[ ] fees as the prevailing party in this case under Paragraph 23 of the Lease, and under OCGA § 13-6-11 due to Anglin's bad faith and stubborn litigiousness." We granted Anglin's subsequent application for discretionary review, and this appeal followed.

Anglin argues that the superior court erred by awarding attorney fees to the tenants (1) pursuant to the lease agreement because they failed to give Anglin notice or an opportunity to pay the indebtedness before the fees were due as required by OCGA § 13-1-11 (a) (3); and (2) under OCGA § 13-6-11 because the tenants failed to specially plead and make a prayer therefor as required by that Code section.[2] We find no basis for reversal.

1. Paragraph 23 of the parties' lease provides: " If any legal action or proceedings be brought by either party of this Agreement, the prevailing party shall be reimbursed for all reasonable attorney[ ] fees and costs in addition to the other damages awarded." Anglin argues that an award of attorney fees pursuant to this provision is precluded by the tenants' ...


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