March 18, 2015
ASHTON ATLANTA RESIDENTIAL, LLC
AJIBOLA et al
Negligent construction. Gwinnett Superior Court. Before Judge Clark.
FordHarrison, F. Carlton King, Jr., for appellant.
Bobby B. Terry, Ayoub & Mansour, John G. Mansour, Carolina D. Bryant, Swift Currie McGhee & Hiers, Ashley W. Broach, Charles B. Marsh, for appellees.
ANDREWS, Presiding Judge. McFadden and Ray, JJ., concur.
Andrews, Presiding Judge.
Olakunle Ajibola and 31 other plaintiffs, homeowners in the Chattahoochee Bluffs townhouse community, filed a civil action against developer Ashton Atlanta Residential,
LLC for damages resulting from broken and damaged water lines at the community. Ashton filed a motion for summary judgment, and following briefing and a hearing, the Superior Court of Gwinnett County granted Ashton's motion in part and denied it in part. The trial court granted [331 Ga.App. 232] Ashton a certificate for immediate review, and we granted Ashton's application for interlocutory appeal. For the reasons that follow, we conclude that the trial court erred in denying Ashton's motion for summary judgment on the Plaintiffs' claim of negligent construction, and therefore reverse.
To prevail at summary judgment under OCGA § 9-11-56, the moving party must demonstrate that there is no genuine issue of material fact and that the undisputed facts, viewed in the light most favorable to the nonmoving party, warrant judgment as a matter of law. A defendant may do this by showing the court that the documents, affidavits, depositions and other evidence in the record reveal that there is no evidence sufficient to create a jury issue on at least one essential element of plaintiff's case. If there is no evidence sufficient to create a genuine issue as to any essential element of plaintiff's claim, that claim tumbles like a house of cards. All of the other disputes of fact are rendered immaterial. Further, the burden on the moving party may be discharged by pointing out by reference to the affidavits, depositions and other documents in the record that there is an absence of evidence to support the nonmoving party's case. If the moving party discharges this burden, the nonmoving party cannot rest on its pleadings, but rather must point to specific evidence giving rise to a triable issue.
La Quinta Inns v. Leech, 289 Ga.App. 812 (658 S.E.2d 637) (2008). We apply a de novo standard of review to an appeal from a grant or denial of summary judgment, " and we view the evidence, and all reasonable conclusions and inferences drawn from it, in the light most favorable to the nonmovant." (Punctuation omitted.) Layer v. Clipper Petroleum, 319 Ga.App. 410, 411 (735 S.E.2d 65) (2012).
The facts of record in this appeal are sparse. Viewed in a light most favorable to the Plaintiffs, the evidence revealed that Ashton served as the developer of the Chattahoochee Bluffs townhouse community in Cobb County. Chattahoochee Bluffs included 224 townhouses, which Ashton built and sold between 2003 and 2004. Of the 32 named plaintiffs, the most recent sale by Ashton closed on December 8, 2004. As of the date of closing on each townhouse sold, including the December 8, 2004 closing, each townhouse was substantially completed, " in that construction was sufficiently completed so that the purchaser could occupy the property for its intended use." In addition, Ashton created a homeowners' association, which it transferred to the residents in 2005.
[331 Ga.App. 233] 1. Ashton contends that, because the Plaintiffs filed their complaint on February 5, 2013, the Plaintiffs' action is barred by Georgia's statute of repose. See OCGA § 9-3-51. We agree.
Under Georgia law,
[n]o action to recover damages:
(1) For any deficiency in the survey or plat, planning, design, specifications, supervision or observation of construction, or construction of an improvement to real property; [or]
(2) For injury to property, real or personal, arising out of any such deficiency; ...
shall be brought against any person performing or furnishing the survey or plat, design, planning, supervision or observation of construction, or construction of such an improvement more than eight years after substantial completion of such an improvement.
OCGA § 9-3-51 (a). See also Wilhelm v. Houston County, 310 Ga.App. 506, 508 (1) (713 S.E.2d 660) (2011). Here, Ashton presented testimony that the sale of the last
townhouse sold to any of the Plaintiffs closed on December 8, 2004. Furthermore, evidence revealed that on the date of closing, construction of the townhouses was substantially complete. See OCGA § 9-3-50 (2). As a result, the evidence of record demonstrated that the statute of repose would bar any action filed after December 8, 2012. See OCGA § 9-3-51; Wilhelm, 310 Ga.App. at 508 (1). Because the Plaintiffs' action was filed February 5, 2013, two months after the date prescribed by the statute of repose, Ashton discharged its burden to point out, " by reference to the affidavits ... and other documents in the record that there is an absence of evidence to support [the Plaintiffs'] case." La Quinta Inns, 289 Ga.App. at 813.
Once Ashton met its initial burden, it became incumbent upon the Plaintiffs to " point to specific evidence giving rise to a triable issue." La Quinta Inns, 289 Ga.App. at 813. The Plaintiffs shirked this responsibility. Rather, the Plaintiffs relied upon unsupported statements in their brief in response to Ashton's motion for summary judgment and failed to submit any evidence for the trial court's consideration. Neither the Plaintiffs' complaint nor their brief in opposition to Ashton's motion for summary judgment are proper [331 Ga.App. 234] evidence to oppose Ashton's motion. See OCGA § 9-11-56 (e); Wellstar Health System v. Painter, 288 Ga.App. 659, 663 (655 S.E.2d 251) (2007); Parker v. Silviano, 284 Ga.App. 278, 281 (2) (643 S.E.2d 819) (2007); Lynch v. Ga. Power Co., 180 Ga.App. 178, 179 (348 S.E.2d 719) (1986). As a result, due to the Plaintiffs' failure to come forward with evidence, summary judgment in favor of Ashton was appropriate. See, e.g., OCGA § § 9-3-51, 9-11-56 (e). Accordingly, the trial court erred in denying Ashton's motion for summary judgment on the Plaintiffs' claim for negligent construction.
The Plaintiffs' reliance upon Sewell Sales & Svc. v. Travelers Indem. of America, 255 Ga.App. 531 (566 S.E.2d 346) (2002) and Atlanta Gas Light Co. v. City of Atlanta, 160 Ga.App. 396 (287 S.E.2d 229) (1981), is misplaced. As a threshold matter, the Plaintiffs presented no evidence concerning the location and ownership of the allegedly defective water lines in response to Ashton's motion for summary judgment. See OCGA § 9-11-56 (e); Wellstar, 288 Ga.App. at 663; Parker, 284 Ga.App. at 281 (2); Lynch, 180 Ga.App. at 179. Next, irrespective of whether the homeowners' association was the owner of the water lines, it remains true that the Plaintiffs' claim is bottomed upon their cause of action for negligent construction (as opposed to damage to realty), which is precluded by OCGA § 9-3-51. See Rosenberg v. Falling Water, Inc., 289 Ga. 57, 59 (709 S.E.2d 227) (2011); Feldman v. Arcadis US, 316 Ga.App. 158, 160 (728 S.E.2d 792) (2012); Wilhelm, 310 Ga.App. at 508-509 (1). In the same vein, Sewell addressed a cause of action for damage to realty and the concomitant statute of limitation codified at OCGA § 9-3-30 rather than the OCGA § 9-3-51 statute of repose. 255 Ga.App. at 533 (for purposes of OCGA § 9-3-30 statute of limitation, " for claims made by an owner of real estate for damages arising out of the negligent installation, design, or construction of someone else's real property, an action for damage to realty accrues at the time of the injury" ). Finally, no allegation has been made that the allegedly defective water lines were installed as a public utility, rather than an improvement to real property owned by the Plaintiffs, which could place the Plaintiffs' cause of action under the ambit of Atlanta Gas Light. As a result, the trial court erred in denying in part Ashton's motion for summary judgment.
2. In view of our holding in Division 1, supra, we need not consider Ashton's remaining enumerations of error. See La Quinta [331 Ga.App. 235] Inns, 289 Ga.App. at 812-813 (" If there is no evidence sufficient to create a
genuine issue as to any essential element of plaintiff's claim, that claim tumbles like a house of cards[; ] [a]ll of the other disputes of fact are rendered immaterial." ).
Judgment reversed and case remanded with direction.
McFadden and Ray, JJ., concur.