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Corvi v. State

Supreme Court of Georgia

February 16, 2015


Cruelty to children. Paulding Superior Court. Before Judge Vinson.

Judgment reversed.

Andrew S. Fleischman, for appellant.

Dick Donovan, District Attorney, Thomas D. Lyles, Assistant District Attorney, for appellee.

BENHAM, Justice. All the Justices concur.


Benham, Justice.

Appellant Marta Corvi appeals her convictions for cruelty to children in the second degree and for reckless conduct related to the drowning deaths of Sophia Juarez and Mia Penoyer.[1] On appeal, [296 Ga. 558] appellant challenges the trial court's failure to quash the indictment as being void for vagueness as applied and challenges the sufficiency of the evidence. For the reasons set forth herein, we reverse.

The evidence in the light most favorable to the verdict shows that in April 2012, appellant came to live with Eduardo and Saundra Juarez and their three children. Appellant and the Juarezes had an informal arrangement whereby appellant would look after the Juarez children, in particular five-year-old Sophia, in exchange for room and board. Appellant also cooked and did some cleaning.

On June 9, 2012, appellant's five-year-old granddaughter, Mia, came over to spend the night and play with Sophia. Because the next day was rainy, appellant told the girls they could not go swimming in the backyard pool and so the girls played inside the house. At around noon, Mr. and Mrs. Juarez and their younger son left the house to go to the grocery store. Appellant was left in charge of the two girls and the Juarez's older son, who was thirteen at the time. When the three Juarezes left the house, appellant began

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cleaning the hardwood floors on the main level of the tri-level house. While cleaning, the girls were playing in Sophia's room on the top level of the house and the older Juarez son was in his room on the main level watching television with head phones on and napping. At trial, it was established that appellant had diabetes and took medicine to control her blood sugar. Appellant told authorities that while cleaning she became dizzy due to low blood sugar and so she went downstairs to take her medication. The older son testified that appellant told him that she was going to the basement to take her medicine and would be right back.[2] After taking her medicine, appellant made a personal phone call at around 12:55 p.m. When she first got on the phone, appellant verbally confirmed that the two girls were still upstairs playing in Sophia's room. Evidence showed that the phone call lasted approximately 45 minutes. When the three Juarezes returned from shopping, they saw appellant coming out of the front door of the house, [296 Ga. 559] talking on the phone and holding a soda.[3] Mr. Juarez asked where Sophia was, and appellant replied that the girls were upstairs in Sophia's room; however, when the family looked, the girls were not anywhere inside the house. The family eventually found the girls in the backyard pool. The girls were not breathing, felt cold to the touch, and were blue in color. The family called 911 at approximately 1:41 p.m. Despite the efforts of the family, first responders, and hospital personnel, the children could not be revived.

1. Appellant alleges the trial court erred when it failed to grant her motion for a directed verdict on the ground that the evidence was insufficient. In regard to the charges of cruelty to children in the second degree, the indictment alleged that appellant " did cause [the children] cruel and excessive physical pain by failing to reasonably supervise said [children]." [4] As to the counts of reckless conduct, the indictment alleged appellant:

unlawfully did endanger the bodily safety of [the children] by consciously disregarding the substantial and unjustifiable risk that her omission and failure to reasonably supervise [the children] ... would cause harm to and endanger the safety of said [children] and the disregard constituted a gross deviation of the standard of care which a reasonable person would exercise. ...[5]

Both cruelty to children in the second degree and reckless conduct are crimes involving criminal negligence. See Kain v. State, 287 Ga.App. 45 (1) (650 S.E.2d 749) (2007). " Criminal negligence is an act or failure to act which demonstrates a willful, wanton, or reckless disregard for the safety of others who might reasonably be expected to be injured thereby." OCGA ยง 16-2-1 (b). In this case, the State did not meet its burden of showing appellant's conduct while the children were under her supervision ...

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