United States District Court, Southern District of Georgia, Augusta Division
January 29, 2015
WARREN ADAM TAYLOR, Plaintiff,
AUGUSTA-RICHMOND COUNTY CONSOLIDATED COMMISSIONERS; MAYOR DAVID S. COPENHAVER; MAYOR PRO TEM COREY JOHNSON; J. PATRICK CLAIBORNE; and GWENDOLYN B. TAYLOR, Defendants.
HONORABLE J. RANDAL HALL UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Presently before the Court is Plaintiff's motion for default judgment. (Doc. 21.) Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 55 allows a party to seek default judgment pursuant to a two-step process. First, if a defendant fails to plead or otherwise defend the lawsuit, the clerk is authorized to enter a clerk's default. Only after default is entered may a party seek default judgment. See Bardfield v. Chisholm Props. Circuit Events, LLC, No. 3:09cv232, 2010 WL 2278461, at *6 (N.D. Fla. May 4, 2010) (listing cases for the proposition that a party may not apply for default judgment without first asking the clerk to enter default).
Here, Defendant has not specifically moved for default, but did file a notice entitled "The Plaintiff's Request for the Clerk to Take Notice of Order or Judgment." (Doc. 18.) Because a plaintiff may not receive default judgment without the entry of default, Plaintiff's motion for default judgment is DENIED as premature. Liberally-construing Plaintiff's notice as a motion for entry of default, the Court addresses whether entry of default is proper in this matter.
Three Defendants — Augusta-Richmond County Consolidated Commissioners, Mayor Copenhaver, and Mayor Pro Tern Johnson — were served on December 22, 2014 (docs. 8-10) . Based on that date of service, these Defendants were to respond by January 12, 2015, which they have done (doc. 14) . Accordingly, neither the Augusta-Richmond County Consolidated Commissioners, Mayor Copenhaver, nor Mayor Pro Tem Johnson are in default.
The next Defendant, J. Patrick Claiborne, received the waiver of service form on December 20, 2014 and filed his waiver of service with this Court on January 14, 2015 (doc. 16) . Based on this waiver of service, Defendant Claiborne need not respond until February 18, 2015. Accordingly, Defendant Claiborne is similarly not in default.
Finally, Plaintiff mailed Gwendolyn Taylor a copy of the complaint and summons, along with a request for waiver of service, on December 19, 2014 (docs. 12, 23). In response to Plaintiff's motion for default judgment, Defendant Taylor includes a copy of a waiver of service, which was returned executed to Plaintiff on January 12, 2015 (doc. 23, Exs. 1-2). However, Plaintiff did not file this waiver of service with the Court. Based on the waiver, Defendant Taylor's answer or other responsive pleading is not due until February 17, 2015. As such, Defendant Taylor is not in default in this matter.
Based on a review of the record, two things are readily apparent to the Court. First, Plaintiff has not followed the proper procedure in seeking entry of default. Should Plaintiff wish to do so in the future, he must first move for entry of default, and only after default is entered should he file a motion for default judgment. Because default has not been entered in this case, Plaintiff's motion for default judgment (doc. 21) is DENIED. To the extent Plaintiff's "notice" (doc. 18) is a motion for entry of default, none of the named defendants are in default in this action,  and as such the Court DENIES any request to enter default at this time.