United States District Court, M.D. Georgia, Macon Division
ORDER ON APPEAL
C. ASHLEY ROYAL, District Judge.
Currently before the Court is Appellee's Motion to Dismiss pro se Appellant-Debtor Patricia Strickland's appeal of the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Middle District of Georgia's Order Granting Relief from Stay. Appellant filed her Amended Notice of Appeal on April 17, 2014, and failed to timely file her initial brief in accordance with Rule 8009 of the Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure and this Court's Letter Regarding Bankruptcy Briefing Schedule. However, due to Appellant's pro se status, the Court hereby CONSTRUES her Motions to Strike [Docs. 9 & 13] and her Motion to Vacate [Doc. 11] as if they are Appellant's initial brief in support of her appeal. Having considered the record of the lower court, the parties' briefs, and the relevant case law, the decision of the Bankruptcy Court is hereby AFFIRMED. Thus, Appellee's Motion to Dismiss [Doc. 8] is MOOT.
The Court has jurisdiction to hear this appeal pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 158(a)(1). In reviewing the decision of a bankruptcy court, a district court functions as an appellate court. In that capacity, district courts "may affirm, modify, or reverse a bankruptcy judge's judgment, order, or decree or remand with instructions for further proceedings." The Court must accept the Bankruptcy Court's findings of fact unless those facts are clearly erroneous. The Court may not make independent factual findings. Conclusions of law, however, including the Bankruptcy Court's interpretation and application of the United States Bankruptcy Code, are reviewed de novo . Thus, this Court owes no deference to the Bankruptcy Court's interpretation of the law or its application of the law to the facts.
This pending appeal arises out of Appellant's execution of a security deed in favor of Mortgage Lenders Network USA, Inc. as security for a note in the original principal amount of $102, 420. The security deed conveyed the real property located at 996 South Mulberry Street, Jackson, Ga. 30323 (the Property) as security for the note.
On September 30, 2013, Appellant filed a bankruptcy petition under Chapter 7 of the United States Bankruptcy Code, 11 U.S.C. § § 101 et seq., in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Middle District of Georgia. Appellee Wells Fargo filed a Motion for Relief from Stay on December 13, 2013, requesting relief from the automatic stay under 11 U.S.C. § 362(a) to pursue its state law rights and remedies in connection with the security deed and the Property.
The United States Bankruptcy Court for the Middle District of Georgia held an initial hearing on the Motion for Relief on January 9, 2014. Appellant appeared and argued in opposition to the Motion at the initial hearing. The Bankruptcy Court continued the hearing in favor of a full evidentiary hearing which was held on April 1, 2014. At the full hearing, both Appellant and Appellee were given the opportunity to present evidence and additional argument in support of their respective positions. On April 7, 2014, the Bankruptcy Court granted the Motion for Relief.
On April 17, 2014, Appellant filed an Amended Notice of Appeal on the Order Granting Relief from Stay together with a Designation of contents for Inclusion in Record on Appeal. On May 1, 2014, Appellee timely filed its Designation of Additional Items for Record on Appeal, and on May 13, 2014, the Notice of Appeal was docketed by the Clerk of the United District Court for the Middle District of Georgia.
On May 14, 2014, the Clerk mailed and docketed a letter addressed to the parties setting forth the briefing schedule and directing Appellant to "serve and file [her] initial brief within 14 days after entry of the appeal on the docket pursuant to Rule 8009." Appellant failed to timely file her initial brief, and thus, on June 4, 2014, Appellee moved to dismiss the appeal.
As of the date of this Order, Appellant has filed a "Motion to Strike Appellee's Motion to Dismiss Appeal" on June 16, 2014, a "Motion to Vacate Judgment and Brief in Support of Motion to Vacate Bankruptcy Court Order" on July 17, 2014; and a "Motion to Strike Appellee's Brief" on August 11, 2014. Although it is unclear whether these Motions are intended as untimely initial briefs, because Appellant is proceeding pro se, the Court will construe them as if they are Appellant's initial brief in support of her appeal.
Appellant first contends that she did not receive proper "due process of the law under the 14th Amendment." Due process for a motion for relief requires proper notice and an opportunity to be heard. Appellant clearly received both. The transcripts from the hearings on January 9, 2014, and April 1, 2014, establish that Appellant received notice, appeared at the hearing, and argued in opposition to the Motion for Relief. Thus, any contention that she was deprived of her due process rights is without merit.
Appellant also appears to argue that she did not receive a jury trial; however, she is not entitled to a trial by jury on the motion for relief. A "hearing on a motion for relief from stay is meant to be a summary proceeding, and the validity or merits of claims and defenses are not litigated during the hearing." Rather, the purpose of the hearing is simply to determine "whether a creditor has a colorable claim to property of the estate." "As a matter of law, the only issue properly and necessarily before a bankruptcy court during relief from stay proceedings is whether the movant creditor has a colorable claim; thus the decision to lift the stay is not an adjudication of the validity or avoidability of the claim, but only a determination that the creditor's claim is sufficiently plausible to allow its prosecution elsewhere." An order granting relief from stay, therefore, only finds that the creditor has a colorable claim and that its interest is not adequately protected by the debtor at the time the order is issued. "The effect of the ...