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Kerfoot v. FNF Servicing, Inc.

United States District Court, M.D. Georgia, Albany Division

November 21, 2014

JAMES L. KERFOOT, SYLVIA F. KERFOOT, and PAUL CAMES, as Trustee in Bankruptcy for James and Sylvia Kerfoot, Plaintiffs,
FNF SERVICING, INC. (D/B/A LOAN CARE SERVICING CENTER, INC.), a foreign corporation, Defendant.


W. LOUIS SANDS, District Judge.

Currently pending in this case are a Motion to Quash or Modify Subpoena filed by the third-party United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (hereinafter "Ginnie Mae") (Doc. 49) and a Motion to Compel Production filed by Plaintiffs (Doc. 58). Additionally, the United States, on behalf of Ginnie Mae, has filed a Motion to Seal the Declaration of Rebecca Lynn Mock (Doc. 65). The Court now considers these Motions.


The Parties and non-Parties in this case have been embroiled in discovery disputes since before discovery even formally began. This suit was filed by Plaintiffs James and Sylvia Kerfoot against Defendant FNF Financing, Inc., doing business as Loan Care Servicing Center, Inc. (Loan Care), for its attempts to collect payment on an allegedly fraudulent loan. The Kerfoots, now through Natasha Golden, administratix of Sylvia Kerfoot's estate, and Joy Webster, the Trustee in Bankruptcy for the Kerfoots (Doc. 36), assert claims against LoanCare under the Georgia RICO statute, the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, and for breach of contract and intentional infliction of emotional distress. Plaintiffs seek materials related to home loans serviced by LoanCare from either Defendant LoanCare or non-party federal government entity Ginnie Mae. Following a telephone conference with the Parties and Ginnie Mae, the Court denied as premature Plaintiffs' first two motions to compel and ordered the Parties to proceed as though all requests for production and third-party subpoenas duces tecum were served on September 19, 2014, resetting the deadlines for responding to such requests and for filing any resulting motions accordingly.

Ginnie Mae has now filed a Motion to Quash and/or Modify the Document Subpoena with which it has been served. (Doc. 49.) LoanCare and Plaintiffs have responded to this Motion, and Ginnie Mae has filed a reply. (Docs. 54, 55, 62.) Plaintiffs have also filed a Motion to Compel Production (Doc. 58) to which LoanCare and Ginnie Mae responded (Docs. 61, 64).


I. Ginnie Mae's Motion to Seal

The United States, on behalf of Ginnie Mae, has filed a Motion to File under Seal the declaration of Rebecca Lynn Mock (Doc. 65). The United States has not yet filed the Mock Declaration but apparently desires to do so because it cites the Mock Declaration in its Motion to Quash and/or Modify. (Doc. 65-1 at 1-2.) Because the Court herein rules on the Motion to Quash and/or Modify without relying on the Mock Declaration, the Court DENIES as moot the United States' Motion to File under Seal (Doc. 65). Should the Parties seek to file this declaration later in the course of this litigation, the Court directs the Parties to note the United States' statement that "LoanCare also stated that it would withdraw its confidentiality designation to the extent it was necessary for a non-sealed filing." (Doc. 65-1 at 2.)

II. Ginnie Mae's Motion to Quash and/or Amend and Plaintiffs' Motion to Compel

Plaintiffs served Ginnie Mae, a non-party federal government entity with a document subpoena seeking three types of documents relating to loans made to 18 Georgia borrowers (the "Georgia Materials") in addition to the loan made to Plaintiffs: (1) chronological communications logs, (2) GNMA communications logs, and (3) all correspondence between LoanCare and the borrowers. The 18 Georgia borrowers are not parties to this case. LoanCare has already produced a complete set of documents relating to the loan made to Plaintiffs. Additionally, Ginnie Mae issued an agency determination under its Touhy regulations allowing production of a limited set of documents relating to two additional loans, the Mock and Carter loans referenced in the Amended Complaint. Ginnie Mae now seeks to quash or modify the subpoena seeking the Georgia Materials based on its determination that Plaintiffs failed to comply with HUD's Touhy regulations. HUD determined that Plaintiffs' request did not comply with the Touhy regulations because it found that all of the Georgia Materials are available from another source -LoanCare and Selene Finance -and it determined that the relevance of the Georgia Materials is tenuous and the burden of complying with the subpoena far outweighs any benefit the materials could have to the Plaintiffs.

5 U.S.C. Section 301 allows executive department heads to limit how employees disseminate information gained in the performance of their official duties by promulgating what are known as Touhy regulations. U.S. ex. Rel. Touhy v. Ragen, 340 U.S. 462 (1951). Agency determinations under Touhy regulations are subject to the Administrative Produce Act's "arbitrary and capricious" standard. 5 U.S.C. § 706(2)(A); Moore v. Armour Pharm. Co., 927 F.2d 1194, 1197 (11th Cir. 1991).

The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Affairs' (HUD) Touhy regulations apply to Ginnie Mae, which is housed within that Department. See 12 U.S.C. § 1717(a)(2)(A). HUD's Touhy regulations are codified at 24 C.F.R. §§ 15.201 - 15.206. The regulations set forth the procedures to be followed "when demand is issued in a legal proceeding among private litigants for the production or disclosure of any material, whether provided through production of materials or provision of testimony." § 15.201. The regulations state that neither HUD nor any employee of HUD shall comply with a production demand without the prior approval of the Authorized Approving Official. § 15.202. The regulations require that production demands:

(1) Be submitted in writing... no later than 30 days before the date the material or testimony is required; (2) State, with particularity, the material or testimony sought;... (4) State whether the production of such material... could reveal classified, confidential, or privileged material; (5) Summarize the need for and relevance of the material or testimony sought in the legal proceeding and include a copy of the complaint, if available; (6) State whether the material or testimony is available from any other source and, if so, state all such other sources;... (9) State why the production of the material... is appropriate under the rules of procedure governing the legal proceeding for which it is sought (e.g. not be unduly burdensome or otherwise inappropriate under the relevant rules governing discovery); and (10) Describe how producing such material or providing such testimony would affect the interests of the United States.

§ 15.203 (excluding portions related only to testimony). Section 15.204(a)(2) sets forth nine standards to be applied in considering a request for factual material. Section 15.204(b) provides that requesters shall be provided notice and reasons for any denial or condition approval, and Section 15.204(c) sets forth various possible ...

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