United States District Court, N.D. Georgia, Atlanta Division
November 19, 2014
SALEEBAN ADAN, Plaintiff,
FADUMA ALL, Defendant.
OPINION AND ORDER
WILLIAM S. DUFFEY, Jr., District Judge.
This matter is before the Court on Magistrate Judge Janet F. King's Final Report and Recommendation ("R&R") recommending that Plaintiff Saleeban Adan's ("Plaintiff") Complaint be dismissed for failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted.
On April 28, 2014, Plaintiff filed this action under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against his mother, Defendant Faduma All ("Defendant"). Plaintiff alleges that his aunt took his money from the Government, and gave it to his mother. Plaintiff seeks to recover the money from his mother. On September 11, 2014, the Magistrate Judge screened Plaintiff's Complaint under § 28 U.S.C. 1915A, and found that Plaintiff failed to state a claim upon which relief can be granted because his mother does not qualify as a state actor.
A. Legal Standard
After conducting a careful and complete review of the findings and recommendations, a district judge may accept, reject, or modify a magistrate judge's report and recommendation. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); Williams v. Wainwright, 681 F.2d 732, 732 (11th Cir. 1982), cert denied, 459 U.S. 1112 (1983). A district judge "shall make a de novo determination of those portions of the report or specified proposed findings or recommendations to which objection is made." 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). With respect to those findings and recommendations to which a party has not asserted objections, the district judge must conduct a plain error review of the record. United States v. Slay, 714 F.2d 1093, 1095 (11th Cir. 1983).
Because Plaintiff has not objected to the Magistrate Judge's finding that his Complaint be dismissed, the Court reviews the Magistrate Judge's findings and recommendations for plain error. See Slay 714 F.2d at 1095. "§ 1983 excludes from its reach merely private conduct, no matter how discriminatory or wrongful." Focus on the Family v. Pinellas Suncoast Transit Auth., 344 F.3d 1263, 1277 (11th Cir. 2003) (internal quotation marks and citations omitted). Generally, a private actor cannot be sued under § 1983 unless he or she (1) "performs functions traditionally the exclusive prerogative of the [S]tate, '" (2) is "coerced or at least significantly encouraged' to act by the State, or (3) the State is interdependent on the private actor to the extent that "it was a joint participant in the enterprise.'" Id . (quoting Willis v. Univ. Health Servs., Inc., 993 F.2d 837, 840 (11th Cir. 1993)). The Magistrate Judge found that Plaintiff failed to allege facts to support that his mother qualifies as a state actor. The Court finds no plain error in this finding, and this action is dismissed without prejudice.
Accordingly, for the foregoing reasons,
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Magistrate Judge Janet F. King's Final R&R is ADOPTED.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Plaintiff's Motion for Refund is DENIED.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that this action is DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE.