United States District Court, S.D. Georgia, Dublin Division
September 15, 2014
JANICE L. ROSE, Plaintiff,
CAROLYN W. COLVIN, Acting Commissioner of Social Security Administration, Defendant.
MAGISTRATE JUDGE'S REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
BRIAN K. EPPS, Magistrate Judge.
Plaintiff filed the above-captioned case pro se, attempting to seek court review of an adverse decision on her request for social security benefits (doc. no. 1), and requesting permission to proceed in forma pauperis ("IFP") (doc. no. 2). For the reasons set forth below, the Court REPORTS and RECOMMENDS that Plaintiff's motion to proceed IFP be GRANTED, Plaintiff's complaint be DISMISSED, and this civil action be CLOSED.
In her complaint, Plaintiff offers the Court virtually no information regarding her claim and fails to provide any of the information that is required for this Court to hear her social security appeal. Plaintiff asserts that she has several physical infirmities, has trouble sleeping, and takes unspecified medication for chronic pain. (Doc. no. 1, p. 3.) She states that she has "not been able to obtain Social Security disability." (Id.) There is no requested relief. (Id. at 5.)
As a general rule, 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) is the sole jurisdictional basis for judicial review in Social Security matters. See 42 U.S.C. § 405(h); United States v. Blue Cross & Blue Shield of Ala., Inc. , 156 F.3d 1098, 1103-05 (11th Cir. 1998) (citing Weinberger v. Salfi , 422 U.S. 749, 757-62 (1975) and explaining that § 405(h) bars reliance on general federal question jurisdiction when a party's claim arises under the Social Security Act); see also Califano v. Sanders , 430 U.S. 99, 105-07 (1977) (holding that Administrative Procedure Act does not provide the district courts with an independent source of subject matter jurisdiction over Social Security claims).
Section 405(g) provides the following prerequisites for judicial review: 1) a final decision made by the Commissioner of Social Security after a hearing, 2) the commencement of a civil action within sixty days after the mailing of notice of the Commissioner's decision to the claimant, and 3) the filing of a civil action in an appropriate district court. Weinberger , 422 U.S. at 763-64.
Although the Supreme Court has clarified exhaustion of administrative remedies may be waived by the Commissioner under certain circumstances, there is no available waiver for the requirement that a claim for benefits must be presented to the Commissioner so that a "final decision" can be made. Mathews v. Eldridge , 424 U.S. 319, 328 (U.S. 1976); see also Bloodsworth v. Heckler , 703 F.2d 1233, 1237-39 (11th Cir. 1983) (recognizing "final decision" is not synonymous with complete exhaustion but also recognizing necessity for presentation of claim to Commissioner via use of administrative procedures within the Social Security Administration for development of an adequate record for judicial review).
Here, Plaintiff provides absolutely no information concerning any administrative proceedings before the Social Security Administration, let alone does she state that she presented any particular claim for benefits to the Commissioner for a final decision. Accordingly, Plaintiff has not met the prerequisites for judicial review, and her case must be dismissed.
For the reasons set forth above, the Court REPORTS and RECOMMENDS that Plaintiff's motion to proceed IFP be GRANTED, Plaintiff's complaint be DISMISSED, and this civil action be CLOSED.
SO REPORTED and RECOMMENDED.